Crowding And Its Effects

There is general agreement that crowding produces negative effects. It has been described as part of the conventional wisdom in juvenile corrections (Roush, 1989). Most assumptions about the effects of crowding come from personal experience. People generally do not like crowds and crowded conditions (Baum & Paulus, 1987). For these reasons, most individuals tend to agree that the effects of crowding are negative. This predisposition makes the inferences between animal research and human behavior more credible. For example, a common proof that crowded conditions produce agitation and aggression is the rat studies (Calhoun, 1962). However, beyond animal research and personal dislike of crowded conditions, what evidence links crowding to negative or harmful effects in juvenile confinement facilities?